5G Trials for Cooperative, Connected and Automated Mobility along European 5G Cross-Border Corridors – Challenges and Opportunities

The white paper introduces the general vision about the 5G cross-Border Corridors but also some of the projects that are helping to shape the 5G-enabled CCAM in cross-border scenarios. It also establishes a list of the main challenges and identifies the workable solutions. 

Overview of 5G PPP ICT-18 corridor projects 

There are three projects that are working on 5G-enabled CCAM in cross-border scenarios: 5GCroCo, 5G-CARMEN and 5G-MOBIX  

5Gcroco aims at validating three CCAM use cases in cross-border situations. The use cases have been selected to ensure that they allow testing the need for high performance 5G features and the need for cross border operation. The use cases of 5GCroCo are complementary of each other, focusing on different 5G features. 

5G-CARMEN is focusing on the Bologna-Munich corridor (a 600-km-long highway crossing three EU countries – Italy, Austria, and Germany), to leverage the most recent 5G advances to provide a multi-tenant platform that can support the automotive sector delivering safer, greener, and more intelligent transportation, with the ultimate goal of enabling self-driving cars.  

5G-MOBIX develop and test automated vehicle functionalities using 5G core technological innovations along multiple cross-border corridors and urban trial sites, under conditions of vehicular traffic, network coverage, service demand, as well as considering the inherently distinct legal, business and social local aspects. 

Cross-border Challenges & Considerations 

The document also explained the five key challenges for CCAM service provisioning in cross-border environments: 

  1. Cellular coverage and radio access aspects 
  1. Service and Session continuity aspects 
  1. MNO collaboration & Data Plane routing 
  1. Data management & protection 
  1. Nonfunctional aspects & business enablers 

Technological Enablers for Cross Border Solutions 

To tackle those challenges, a set of potential solutions are detailed: 

  • Edge Computing 
  • QoS Prediction 
  • V2X Message routing 
  • MNO Collaboration Framework 
  • Business & Deployment Enablers 
  • Standardization, security and regulation alignment 

For more detailed information, consult the white papers below