5GMED Lexicon

Welcome to the 5GMED Lexicon!
Discover information about the technologies used in the project to tackle the 5G cross-border issues.

Enjoy your ride!

Edge Computing

Edge Computing is a distributed information technology (IT) architecture in which client data is processed at the periphery of the network, as close to the originating source as possible. 


Future Railway Mobile Communication System is a new global standardized system for railway communications: “it is the future worldwide telecommunication system designed by UIC” 


Cooperative, connected & automated mobility supports the EU countries and automotive industry in their transition to connected & automated driving while ensuring the best mobility environment for the public. 


Management and orchestration (MANO) coordinates network resources for cloud-based applications and the lifecycle management of virtual network functions and network services.


Multi-access Edge Computing offers application developers and content providers cloud-computing capabilities and an IT service environment at the edge of the network.

Device responsible for forwarding end-user device traffic between the train network and the ground network through different mobile Radio Access Networks (RANs)…

5G infrastructure

5G intends to enable multi-Gbps peak data rates, ultra-low latency, high reliability, enhanced capacity and a more consistent user experience for a large number of users.

Network slicing

Network slicing is the operators’ best answer on how to build and manage a network, that meets and exceeds the emerging requirements from a wide range of users


The backhaul in cellular networks, is the network that connects the eNBs to the core network and consists mostly of dedicated fibre, copper, microwave, and occasionally satellite link 


Cellular V2X (C-V2X) is the technology developed in 3GPP1 and is designed to operate in two modes: Device-to-device (V2V, V2I, V2P) and Device-to-network (V2N).


A mobile network operator is a telecommunications service provider organisation that provides wireless voice and data communication for its subscribed mobile users. 


Local breakouts enable organizations to offload internet-bound traffic from local branches and remote offices, and route it directly to the internet via a local internet service provider (ISP). 


LTE (Long Term Evolution) or the E-UTRAN (Evolved Universal Terrestrial Access Network), introduced in 3GPP R8, is the access part of the Evolved Packet System (EPS).


The millimetre wave spectrum is the band of spectrum between 30 GHz & 300 GHz. The name mm has been derived from the wavelength for this EM wave type, as it falls in millimeter range.  

Core Network

A core network is a telecommunication network’s core part, which offers numerous services to the customers who are interconnected by the access network.

O-ran neutral host

Neutral hosting enables shared infrastructure which reduces the footprint of mobile networks, making them less visually obtrusive but also more cost- and energy-efficient. 

Smart Sensors

Smart sensors provide object classification and state estimation (position, speed, etc.) in real time.